From fritz walter’s 1954 football boots, to lionel messi’s 2012 F50 cleats, designboom takes a look at the history of adidas with a selection of classic football boots from the past 50 years.
Ritz walter wore the shoe both prior to and during the 1954 world cup in switzerland. the shoe was resoled after the world cup. the argentinia was revolutionary. until that point, football boots were primarily designed to protect the foot. the boot, which was developed for the german national team, was the first to fulfil the requirements which still stand for football boots today: it was lightweight and flexible, and provided good contact with the ball and secure contact with the pitch. significant improvements included a narrower last and a lower-cut upper. the hard toe cap was dispensed with, the outsole was flexible and the boot featured easily changeable thread inserts, which were pressed through the insole and outsole from the inside (1952 patent), along with slim 18 mm nylon screw-in studs.
materials: the upper is made of box calf, the vamp and back lining of calf leather. the tongue lining and inlay sole are twill. insole and outsole are made of vegetable tanned bottom leather (vache leather).
fritz walter – adidas argentinia – 1953, football shoe worn at the 1954 FIFA world cup in switzerland shoe size: 8,5 (uk), 436 gfritz walter – adidas argentinia, 1953 – bottom viewimage © adidas
uwe seeler – adidas achilles – 1965 football boot shoe size: 8 (uk), 342 g image © adidas
in february 1965, uwe seeler tore his achilles tendon. at the time, this would have usually signaled the end of an athlete’s career. adi dassler designed a special orthopedic shoe which enabled the athlete to play again as early as august of the same year. it was wearing this shoe that uwe seeler scored the deciding goal at the world cup qualifying match against sweden on 26 september. the heel construction with lacing and built-in cushioning takes the pressure off the rear foot and the achilles tendon and provides additional support. it has been worn by athletes suffering from problems such as bursitis, achilles tendon injuries and heel spurs. due to the integrated heel pad, the shoe had to be worn half a size up.
materials: the upper leather and lining are made of black, specially tanned cow hide. the heel seat insert is made of kangaroo leather. the pads are made of 10 mm foam. the insole is made of vegetable tanned bottom leather (vache leather). the pre-fabricated outsole is made of blue polyamide (nylon). the studs and the washers are made of aluminium.
uwe seeler – adidas achilles, 1965 – bottom view
bobby moore – adidas diamant – 1966, football boots worn at the FIFA world cup in england shoe size: 7 (uk), 304 g image © adidas
england’s robert (bobby) moore became world champion wearing this boot in london in 1966. the athlete himself was responsible for the unconventional choice of studs and the indentations on the ball studs. the boot was modelled on the “diamant” and produced on a special last which was created to replicate bobby moore’s foot.
materials: the upper leather and lining are made of black, specially tanned cow hide (water-repellent). the pads are made of 10mm foam. the insole is made of vegetable-tanned bottom leather (vache leather). the pre-fabricated outsole is made of blue polyamide (nylon). the studs and the washers are made of leather, nylon and aluminium.
bobby moore – adidas diamant, 1966 – bottom view
franz beckenbauer – adidas cosmos – 1970, football boot shoe size: 7 (uk), 277 g image © adidas
franz beckenbauer always wore his boots until they fell apart. as he usually played with the outside of his foot, he mostly wore through the upper leather around the outer ball of his right foot. the boot was made using a last adapted to match the athlete’s foot. franz beckenbauer has narrow feet and takes between a uk size 7 and 7.5. the crushed patent leather is very light, soft and smooth; it also repels water and dirt.
materials: the upper is made of black crushed patent leather, the back lining of calf leather. the facings are made of white cow hide. the replacement inlay sole is made of fabric padded with 3mm foam. the pre-fabricated heel counter is made of nylon. the insole is made of vegetable-tanned bottom leather (vache leather). the inlay sole is made of fabric padded with 3mm foam. studs and nylon outsole are made using high-pressure injection molding.
franz beckenbauer – adidas cosmos, 1970 – top view
adidas copa mundial – 1982, football boot shoe size: 7,5 (uk), 306 g image © adidas
the copa mundial is the most successful football boot produced by adidas. the upper has a pressure-free, integrated, stiff heel counter and a comfortably cushioned vamp. the pur outsole is flexible and highly resistant to wear and tear. the black studs are made of robust, extremely durable PUR.
materials: the upper is made of kangaroo leather. the back lining and heel reinforcement are made of a PVC coated knitted material. the vamp pad is made of 3 mm foam, covered with self-adhesive nylon fabric. the tongue lining is made of foam/charmeuse leather.
adidas copa mundial, 1982 – bottom view
david beckham – adidas predator TRX SG – 2001, football boot shoe size: 9 (uk), 358 g image © adidas
this shoe was produced for the english national football player david beckham in the made to meassure area in scheinfeld (germany). a personalized lace was used. it was a wish of david beckham to stitch the name of his first son brooklyn beckham and his date of birth on the shoe. the 7 on the heel refers to his number in the english national team. the shoe is also stitched with the the english flag.
david beckham – adidas predator TRX SG, 2001 – bottom view
lionel andrés messi – adidas F50 – 2012, custom made football boot shoe size: 8 (UK), 195 g image © adidas
the F50 was custom-made for lionel messi in the made to meassure area in scheinfeld (germany).
lionel andrés messi – adidas F50, 2012 – bottom view
fritz walter – adidas argentinia detail – 1953, football shoe worn at the 1954 FIFA world cup in switzerland uwe seeler – adidas achilles detail – 1965 football boot bobby moore – adidas diamant front/rear view – 1966, football boots worn at the FIFA world cup in england lionel andrés messi – adidas F50 front/rear view http://www.designboom.com/
Where Strong and Lightweight Sporting Goods Require CFRP
By Todd Johnson, About.com Guide
Carbon fiber is an amazing material, even 40 years after it was first invented. Despite all the other wonder materials that modern technology has developed, carbon fiber is still the king and still the most widely used composite in aerospace. Its use has widened amazingly as its cost has come down and now we find it everywhere in our daily lives – not only flying with it, but walking on it every day. Yes, it is even in our footwear.
Strong and Light Carbon Fiber
Anywhere where high performance is required carbon fiber’s superior strength to weight ratio offers significant advantages, and sporting goods are no exception. It is used to replace or reduce metal, wood and steel content in a wide variety of sports applications.
Many sporting applications use glass reinforced plastic moldings (GRP), and carbon fibers are being use to replace the glass strands in GRP to make it ‘CFRP’ with significant weight savings resulting – examples range from fishing rods to gliders.
Carbon fiber has different properties than glass and so there is still a future for GRP, particularly where flex is desirable, like in composite surfboards. Other materials such as aramid (Kevlar a trademark of DuPont) composites will likely replace glass when their costs reduce further, but carbon fiber still beats even aramids in many applications, irrespective of budget.
In top end motor racing, where budgets allow for the best of materials, carbon fiber is dominant. There are many drivers alive today who wouldn’t be with us but for the material’s strength and damage tolerance. Whether it is NASCAR, IndyCar or Formula 1, high speed crash survivability has improved dramatically – as well as race performance,.
Design and Assembly Advantages of Carbon Fiber
These gains have been due not only carbon fiber’s inherent strength, but also to its nature. Carbon fibre threads, high performance epoxy resins and modern production machinery allow low-cost and automated computer controlled molding. Typical carbon fiber sporting goods examples are golf club shafts, tennis rackets and ice-hockey sticks.
Other techniques allow automated layup of carbon fibre cloth. In motor racing, a computer generated design for, say, a NASCAR airbox, can be automatically translated into reality, almost without human intervention. Techniques continue to improve as the versatility of carbon fiber composite is explored even further.
Cost versus performance
This has been a contentious issue in many sports, because the performance gains of carbon fiber can be so considerable, yet the costs so high, that the performance of sports persons and teams becomes an issue of budget – particularly at amateur level. So, sporting rules bodies tend to resist the introduction of carbon fiber, at first. As costs come down, then the rules are relaxed, and there are few sports these days where carbon fiber is still banned.
Carbon Fiber In Sports
Here are some of the sports applications in which carbon fiber is used:Tennis Racquets Running shoes Bicycles Golf clubs Motor racing Rowing shells Sailboats Gliders Fishing rods Surfboards Ice hockey sticks Arrows in archery Cricket bats
Full name: Antonio Calvo Arandes
Date of birth: 03/28/1987 (Age 25)
Place of birth: Barcelona
Height: 171 cm.
Weight: 65 Kg
Current team: Anarthosis-Cyprus
Hi Toni, I will start this interview by asking about the situation in Cyprus at a social level, after some complicated days as we could see through media
Hi Simon. Well, the truth is that these are difficult days for the Cypriot people, there is a crisis, but I hope it comes to a good end, because in this situation we are all affected. Perhaps foreigners really know the severity of the problem, but I personally always read the Spanish press and every day ask teammates about new developments in the negotiations between Cyprus and the EU.
Well, after this brief introduction of the Cypriot situation I think it would be interesting to you to tell us how did a player with such an extensive experience as yours came to that league?
I´ve been away from my country for 6 years , I’ve played in leagues such as the Greek, Italian, Bulgarian, and now I’m in Cyprus. A player is a globetrotter, few people are fortunate enough to play his entire career with one club. And though I’m still young (25 years), I still hope to return to play in my country, I don’t know when but I wish it a lot.
After having experienced other European leagues, how do you see football so far from home? Tell us how this Cypriot league is in terms of infrastructure, football level, economic .. etc, compared to the Spanish league.
The football abroad is very different from what I was used to, but I quickly adapted .. The Cyprus League is a good league, can not compare with the Spanish but is a good league, this year we are struggling to win the championship so next season we can play Champions League … The level of football is good, there are 6 or 7 teams that have quite a good level … in an economic level it’s ok so far, in my team we are a month and a half late on payments but they are paying. There are other teams here in Cyprus that have very big problems financially, but in my club there are not many problems
Focusing in Blindaxe Sport shin guards, How did you come to know of our existence?
Well, it was an afternoon watching reruns of Punto Pelota on Youtube, and I saw the report they made about you and I loved the idea. Then I went on your website and I found a very good job … I had been thinking for a while about getting a good shin and when I saw your article, I had no doubt.
Do you think football players give importance to the protection of their legs when it comes to shin pads?
I think sometimes we are not aware of having a good shin. It also depends on the tastes of each player, some players feel more comfortable with very small shins, some players have soft plastic shin. It depends on each player, but in my case, I prefer a good shin guard, I feel more secure and if I can customize it and put up a photo of my wife and my son, even better! J
We know sometimes players are superstitious with their material, but it was easy for you to know how you wanted to customize your new shin guards?
It was clear for me, my wife left her home when she was only 18 years to live with me in Greece and a few years later gave me the best gift you can give a man, being a father, I have a wonderful 3 years old son. Well, the truth is that both my wife and my son are the most important people in my life and I wanted to somehow take them with me when I’m playing a football game, and with your help I could get it.
How do you see the future? Returning to our football or playind around the world for some more time?
The future? Nobody knows what will happen … I have one more year of contract in Anorthosis, I’m comfortable here, but it is true that the greatest illusion that I have, is to return to Spain to play in 1st Division.
Finally, something more to say?
Finally I would like to thank you for the magnificent shins you have done for me, and the treat you have given me. I encourage everyone to try Blindaxe shins. Many greetings and thanks.
After a long bibliographical review it brings over of the injuries associated with the breaks of tibia and fibula in the football, I believe that the football player is not conscious of the need to assure him a good protection that could avoid injuries of long duration that often take associate complications of long direction and that might be avoided. From my experience I think that the football player must be conscious that a good protection, nowadays, is associated with the use of materials composites as the carbon fiber that they assure a maximum lightness and that due to his hardness has a very much major resistance that the steel.
In this study, they performed a retrospective review of 31 athletes who sustained a fracture of the lower leg from a direct blow while playing soccer. Fifteen fractures involved both the tibia and fibula 11 only the tibia, and 5 only the fibula. Information was collected using a standardized questionnaire. The mean follow-up from the time of injury was 30 months. Injuries typically occurred in young, competitive athletes during game situations. The mechanisms were broadly classified into several categories: contact during a slide tackle (13, 42%), a collision with the goalkeeper (8, 26%), two opposing players colliding while swinging for a loose ball (7, 23%), or a player being kicked by a standing opponent (3, 10%). The majority of fractures (26, 90%) occurred while the athletes were wearing shin guards. The point of impact was with the shin guard prior to the fracture in 16 cases (62%). Return to competitive soccer averaged 40 weeks for combined tibia and fibula fractures, 35 weeks for isolated tibia fractures, and 18 weeks for isolated fibula fractures. Injuries were associated with a high incidence of major complications (12 out of 31, 39%), especially in concurrent tibia and fibula fractures (8 out of 15, 50%). These findings suggest that lower leg fractures in soccer players are serious injuries, often necessitating a prolonged recovery time. In addition, this study questions the ability of shin guards to protect against fractures.
Boden BP, Lohnes JH, Nunley JA, Garrett WE Jr.
Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Silver Spring, MD 20902, USA.
We continue our interview section with Blindaxe players. We have decided to focus on a great goalkeeper, and a friend of us too, who has helped us from the beginning and we owe a lot.
Diego Rivas Rego, known as Diego Rivas (Narón, May 27, 1987) is a 25-year-old goalkeeper currently in Elche Football Club after passing through several major teams in recent years, as the RCD Coruña and CD Lugo.
When does your passion for football begins? Tell us about your sports career.
Since childhood, both at school and in the park with my friends. I was always near a ball because that was one of the things that amused me. My first “serious” team is a football school that was established in Ferrol for lower grades, some kind of academy, because they are not compete. My first team was San Pablo in Ferrol, now non existing club, moving in junior age to Narón Balompé. I later signed to Racing de Ferrol, where I passed through all lower categories up to the first team. Because of the lack of opportunities, I decided to go to Narón Balompé again, which at that time was active in 3rd Division (and where I shared team with the great architect of this company, Simon). After two good years I signed to Deportivo La Coruña to play in their second team, and two years later left to CD Lugo. Finally, this summer came to Elche.
In the last years you have lived an upward trend, which gradually puts you in the elite but a goalkeeper evolves or stalls its progression?
Evolves, of course. Being a goalkeeper is not something apart from personal life or sports. I think you always learn new things, every day is an opportunity to do it and as a goalkeeper I approach it. The closer you get to the elite means the resources, material an professionals, are supposed to be better and that helps even more to recycle and improve.
In your experience after playing in many categories of national football, how would you describe the differences between them from the goal line?
Yes I have learned in all of them, each one has its own characteristics, but from what I have seen, the intensity is higher as you get closer to the elite. And mistakes are more expensive, even more in the case of the goalkeeper. A small error in a tight, escaping a couple of feet away from your body: in some categories, nothing happens, and in higher ones it means a goal.
Contact injuries or blows to the tibia are common in goalkeepers?
Maybe not as common as in a field player, but can you be beaten and it is important to be well protected. For example in a save to intercept a pass inside the area.
Do you think wearing carbon fiber shinpads Blindaxe sport increases your safety in games?
Yes, you know that any blow to that area will be almost negligible. I’d like to highlight the lightweight comfort you feel wearing them
We know you have a barely customized model, but tell us what you wear in your shin guards and why?
I just put my name and a Galician flag. I like to feel my land and everything it represents near (family, friends, memories …).
After having weared two models in past years, do you dare to think about a new design for next year? haha
That’s something I have been thinking about, and if this year we manage to reach the target and promote, I’ll have to make a new design for next season
Finally, thank you for trusting Blindaxe sport since the beginning and good luck in promoting to First Division, it is becoming closer!
Thank you very much for those good wishes and for the wonderful treatment that I know you give to your customers.
When carbon fiber was first trotted out in solid rocket motor cases and tanks in the 1960s, it was poised to not only take on fiberglass, but also a whole host of other materials.
50 years later it’s still an exotic material. Sure, Batman’s got it in his suit, expensive cars feature smatterings of it in their dashboards and performance parts, but at $10 a pound on the low end, it’s still too pricy for wide-scale deployment. We’ve been using this stuff for decades. Where’s our materials science Moore’s Law to make this stuff cheap? Why is this stuff still so expensive?
Turns out that even half a century later, this stuff is still a major pain in the ass to make.
Before carbon fiber becomes carbon fiber, it starts as a base material—usually an organic polymer with carbon atoms binding together long strings of molecules called a polyacrylonitrile. It’s a big word for a material similar to the acrylics in sweaters and carpets. But unlike floor and clothing acrylics, the kind that turns into a material stronger and lighter than steel has a heftier price tag. A three-ish-dollar per pound starting price may not sound exorbitant, but in its manufacturing, the number spikes.
See, to get the carbon part of carbon fiber, half of the starting material’s acrylic needs to be kicked away. “The final product will cost double what you started with because half burns off,” explains Bob Norris of Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s polymer matrix composites group. “Before you even account for energy and equipment, the precursor in the final product is something around $5 a pound.”
That price—$5 a pound—is also the magic number for getting carbon fiber into mainstream automotive applications. Seven bones will do, but five will make the biggest splash. So as it stands, the base material alone has already blown the budget.
There’s more. Forcing the acrylic to shed its non-carbon atoms takes monstrous machines and a lot of heat. The first of two major processing steps is oxidization stabilization. Here fibers are continuously fed through 50-100 foot-long ovens pumping out heat in the several hundred degrees Celsius range. The process takes hours, so it’s a massive energy eater.
Then the material goes through a what’s called carbonization. Although the furnaces here are shorter and don’t run for as long, they operate at much higher temperatures—we’re taking around 1000 degrees Celsius for the initial step before and then another round of heating with even higher temperatures. That’s a power bill you don’t even want to think about.
And it doesn’t end there. Manufacturers also have to deal with the acrylic that doesn’t hold on during the heating process. Off gasses need to be treated so as not to poison the environment. It ain’t cheap being green. “It’s a lot of energy, a lot of real estate, and a lot of large equipment,” says Norris. And that’s just in the manufacturing of the individual fibers themselves.
Let’s take a second to talk about where we are in the manufacturing process, and where we’re trying to get. That awesome-looking, rock-hard, ultra-light, shiny panel with its visible weave is what you think of when you think of carbon fiber, right? Well, we’ve just made the strands; we’ve still got to arrange them into a lattice that takes advantage of the material’s unidirectional strength and bond them together.
Nailing the woven product means making sure that all the strands are pulling their weight. “You have to be concerned that the fibers are all parallel and are all stretched evenly,” explains Rob Klawonn, president of the carbon fiber manufacturer, Toho Tenax America. A wavy strand in a lattice will put extra stress on a straight fiber, and that straight one will end up breaking first. To compensate for the possibility of an imperfect weave, manufacturers might thread in ten percent more of the already expensive fibers than is necessary.
Alone, the strands aren’t the strong stuff that manufacturers need. They’re a reinforcer like steel is in concrete. Right now carbon fibers work with a thermoset resin. Together they make a composite that can be manipulated to take a certain shape. The trouble is that once the resin has been shaped and cured in an autoclave, that shape cannot be modified without screwing with the product’s structural integrity. A small mistake means a lot of waste—and time. Thermosetting takes over an hour, which is a long time considering how fast the automotive industry stamps out body panels.
So carbon fiber doesn’t just require one genius fix to get it into a lower price class, it requires an entire systems overhaul. As with anything offering a big financial reward, the industry is on it.
Those sweater-type acrylics, for instance, might be used in place of the ones manufacturers use now. “The equipment is less specialized, so that might cut the precursor cost by 20-30 percent,” says Norris. They’re also checking out renewable carbon fiber starters like lignin, which comes from wood, instead of the current petroleum-based stuff.
Alternate conversion processes—namely swapping thermal for plasma heating—could lower costs as well. “It cuts the time down because you don’t have to heat the entire furnace; you generate the plasma to surround the filaments,” explains Norris.
Scientists haven’t quite nailed the chemical process to get carbon fiber to work with thermoplastic resins quite yet, either. But once they do, Klawonn of Toho Tenax America predicts 60-70% cut in cost in the conversion process. The big change is that thermoplastics are quick to set and can be melted and remelted, which limits waste when there’s a mistake.
Change is on the horizon. Norris points out that carbon fiber has been installed in place of aluminum on newer commercial airliners like the Airbus A380. “They’re moving more mainstream, but up until now it’s always been in industries that can afford to pay for the performance.” Let’s just hope the cost caves before the industries that need it do.Original article link: http://gizmodo.com/5843276/why-is-carbon-fiber-so-expensive
El uso de espinilleras personalizadas, fabricadas de materiales ligeros como la fibra de carbono o el kevlar, Blindaxe.com es especialista en la produccion artesanal de estas espinilleras de alta resistencia, siendo estas un claro avance en la protección tanto del jugador de fútbol profesional como del jugador amateur que tiene intención de jugar muchos mas años al fútbol.Blindaxe.com Blindaxe.com Blindaxe.com
Las espinilleras personalizadas tienen dos componentes especiales para jugador de fútbol
1 En el aspecto físico este tipo de espinillera es muy cómoda y ligera y Su protección hacia un golpe directo esmuy superior respecto a una espinillera convencional.
El kevlar es el material del cual se fabrican los cascos para circular en motocicletas.
La fibra de carbono se utiliza mucho en la fabricación de Bicicletas y motos o bien pueden estar presentes en el chasis de los coches o En algunos componentes de un fórmula 1.
2 Estas espinilleras Personalizadas tienen también un aspecto psicológico favorable para el jugador de futbol , puesto que la mayoría de futbolistas profesionales tienen tendencia a creer en aspectos subjetivos o de fortuna. Por ejemplo entrar en el campo de juego con el pie derecho, o bien pedir siempre cara en lugar de cruz en el sorteo de campo, etc.
Para este jugador la posibilidad de incluir fotos de familiares o compañeros de equipoo frases o incluso su dorsal puede proporcionar una sensación de mayor confianza del jugador, lo cual aumenta de manera simbolica la protección de la misma espinillera ante posibles decisiones de asumir riesgos de choques durante la práctica del deporte. Las espinilleras Personalizadas Ilustradas recuerdan a los tatuajes o bien los cascos de los pilotos de moto GP o de la F1 como una autentica identidad del deportista.
Desde elportero.es creemos especialmente en la protección de estos materiales y sobre todo en la capacidad de fabricación de Blindaxe para aproximarse a nuestras necesidades y ofrecer una protección total en una posición tan difícil como la nuestra elportero de fútbol
Posición donde se producen múltiples choques durante un partido en la lucha por balones divididos y nos exponemos a sufrir una lesión en cualquier salida del área para defender nuestra portería. Por no mencionar los numerosos uno contra uno a los que nos vemos sometidos donde el delantero no salta y pone el pie a destiempo…etc. Este tipo de espinillera de fibra de carbono permite afrontar un choque con cierta seguridad y como están hechas a medida y a mano puede disminuir el riesgo de sufrir una fractura muy grave.
La semana pasada mis amigos de la revista Proyecto Panenka tuvieron una idea brillante. Crearon en internet la etiqueta #botasPanenka con la que preguntaban a la gente por el recuerdo de sus primeras botas de fútbol. Y me dio por pensar en mis primeras zapatillas de fútbol sala.
Recuerdo que entré en los juveniles de Vijusa Valencia con unas Reebok de correr. Os prometo que es verdad. Yo ni siquiera sabía que existían zapatillas de fútbol sala. Todo el mundo me miró como a un bicho raro.
Poco después me compré mis primeras zapatillas. ¡Unas Yate blancas! Después vinieron las Yumas, las Múnich, las Joma y finalmente, desde hace más de diez años, las Adidas. Casi siempre blancas, como aquellas primeras Yate.
Ayer me volví a sentir un poco bicho raro. Jugamos en Arganda el homenaje a Luis Amado. Ganamos, aunque ayer sí, el resultado era lo de menos.
Una nueva moda ha llegado al fútbol sala. La nueva era de las espinilleras Blindaxe. ¡Qué lejos queda ya la imagen del jugador de fútbol sala con calcetines!
Mientras nos cambiábamos empezaron a aparecer los últimos modelos. Colores, fotografías, números, banderas… ¡todo tiene cabida! He de reconocer que los diseños son increíbles y su ligereza y dureza espectaculares.
Cuando saqué mis viejas espinilleras del zapatillero las miré con nostalgia. Llevamos tantos años juntos que no puedo dejarlas por otras. ¡No me lo perdonaría!
Ya no sé si es por comodidad, cariño o superstición, pero hemos vivido los buenos y malos momentos juntos y juntos vamos a acabar.